|題 目||「Integration of Renewable Energy into the South African Grid: Prospects and Challenges」|
The world is currently facing a very serious energy problem. Existing power generation infrastructure is not able to keep pace with the growing national demand of both developed and developing countries. The main challenges facing the energy sector globally are how to ensure that the growing demand of energy is met while at the same time providing energy supply security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. South Africa has historically relied primarily on coal-fired power plants for its electricity generation, making the energy sector in the country the main contributor of greenhouse emission on the African continent. Renewable energy will contribute significantly to the production of electricity in the future. With the abundant renewable energy resources in the African continent, Africa as whole can improve access to electricity services to meet the electricity demand of the future. Renewable energy offers an opportunity to reduce carbon emissions, enhance energy diversity and promote economic development. Although South Africa has one of the best renewable energy resources such as wind, solar and biomass, the current renewable energy utilization for electricity generation is still very low. This is probably due to a number of challenges and barriers such as economic and financial, institutional and regulatory, infrastructure and social factors. In the last decade, the South African government has introduced renewable energy policies, incentives to provide an enabling environment for renewable energy development. For example, the Integrated Resource Plan (IRP2010) for electricity suggests a 42% penetration of renewable energy into the grid by 2030. Likewise, the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPPP) was introduced to source renewable energy generation from the private sector and to increase the share of renewable sources in the national energy mix, deliver jobs and economic empowerment for communities. However, there are still many challenges and uncertainties.
In this presentation, I will discuss the current state of renewable energy in South Africa, the status of policy and incentives that impact the integration of renewable electricity generation, and explore the opportunities and challenges facing renewable energy deployment in South Africa.
|講 師||Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Cape Town, South Africa,
Professor Komla Agbenyo Folly 氏
|申込・問合せ||広島大学 大学院工学研究院 電力・エネルギー工学
餘利野 直人，造賀 芳文，佐々木 豊